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Hill's Prescription Diet

k/d Cat Food

Hill's Prescription Diet k/d Cat Food with ActivBiome+Kidney Defense is specially formulated by nutritionists & veterinarians to help manage Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Prescription Diet k/d Cat Food is clinically proven to help protect vital kidney function, slowing the progression of the disease and is clinically proven to improve & lengthen quality of life. Includes a proprietary blend of prebiotics that nourishes the gut microbiome to reduce harmful waste products within the intestinal tract due to impaired kidney function. 1-5

In addition to high levels of essential amino acids and L-Carnitine, increasing caloric intake will support the cat's natural ability to build muscle mass daily. 2

Available in multiple wet forms & flavors to entice even the pickiest of eaters.

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  • Key Benefits

    Hill's Prescription Diet k/d Cat Food with ActivBiome+Kidney Defense is specially formulated by nutritionists & veterinarians to help manage Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Prescription Diet k/d Cat Food is clinically proven to help protect vital kidney function, slowing the progression of the disease and is clinically proven to improve & lengthen quality of life. Includes a proprietary blend of prebiotics that nourishes the gut microbiome to reduce harmful waste products within the intestinal tract due to impaired kidney function. 1-5

    In addition to high levels of essential amino acids and L-Carnitine, increasing caloric intake will support the cat's natural ability to build muscle mass daily. 2

    Available in multiple wet forms & flavors to entice even the pickiest of eaters.


    These characteristics make Prescription Diet k/d cat food, a useful nutritional aid for cats with kidney disease:

    KEY FEATURES KEY BENEFITS
    Phosphorus & Sodium Controlled Help slow the progression of chronic kidney disease
    ActivBiome+ Kidney Defense Added A proprietary blend of prebiotics shown to nourish the gut microbiome to reduce uremic toxins
    Omega-3s (EPA/DHA) from fish oil Added Helps fight kidney inflammation
    Essential Amino Acids Increased 165% of FEDIAF recommended minimum levels to help the cat's natural ability to maintain muscle mass daily.
    L-Carnitine Increased Helps improve utilization of fat to avoid muscle breakdown for energy
    Antioxidants Added Defend cells from free radical oxidation, promoting a healthy immune system.
    B-complex vitamins Added Help compensate for urinary losses due to kidney disease.

    Indications:

    Primary Indications:

    - Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD):

    • IRIS Stages 3-4 All
    • All IRIS stages with proteinuria

    - Acute kidney insult

    - Uremic encephalopathy

    Other Indications:

    - CKD IRIS Stage 1 (non-proteinuric)

    - IRIS Stage 2 (non-proteinuric)

    - Urate & cystine urolith management

    - Hepatic encephalopathy

    - Hepatic lipidosis (encephalopathic)

     

     

    Not Recommended For:

    Growing kittens, pregnant or nursing cats.

    Evidence-Based Clinical Nutrition:

    A 2-year clinical study of cats with naturally occurring chronic kidney disease compared the effects of feeding the nutrition of Prescription Diet k/d versus a typical adult grocery food. Cats with IRIS stage 2 and 3 kidney disease (serum creatinine between 2.1-4.5 mg/dL) fed Prescription Diet k/d had no uremic episodes, while 26% of the control group experienced uremic crises. There were significantly less CKD-related deaths in the group of cats fed Prescription Diet k/d (0%) compared with the group of cats fed the maintenance control food (22%).1

    A 6 month clinical study demonstrated that cats with CKD consuming Prescription Diet k/d had a significant increase in body weight and no change in lean body mass, while cats with CKD fed a positive control food had significant loss of body weight and lean body mass. Cats also consumed 23 per cent more calories when fed Prescription Diet k/d as compared with cats fed the positive control food.2

    A prospective study involving 128 cats with various stages of CKD fed Prescription Diet k/d for 12 months demonstrated that 94% of cats successfully transitioned onto the food, while 89% of cats moderately or extremely liked the food and 68% of cats were moderately or extremely enthusiastic while eating the food. Markers of kidney function were stable and pet parent assessed quality of life improved.3

    Cats eating Prescription Diet k/d maintained their body condition and body weight.4

    A retrospective study demonstrated that cats with CKD fed Prescription Diet k/d dry had significantly longer median survival time and lower serum creatinine levels (18.1 months, 242 umol/l) as compared to cats with CKD fed a non-therapeutic food (8.5 months, 277 umol/l).5

     

    Additional Info:

    Prescription Diet k/d has increased dietary buffering capacity. This helps counteract the tendency for metabolic acidosis, a common complication as kidney disease progresses.

    Ideal for long-term feeding of cats with kidney disease.

    Dry and canned formulas can be mixed or fed concurrently.


    Other Products to Consider

    - For patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) IRIS Stage 2 (non-proteinuric), IRIS Stages 3-4, and all IRIS stages with proteinuria: Prescription Diet k/d+Mobility Cat Food

    - For patients with CKD and concurrent osteoarthritis: Prescription Diet k/d+Mobility Cat Food

    - For patients with acute kidney insult: Prescription Diet k/d+Mobility Cat Food

    - For patients with uremic encephalopathy: Prescription Diet k/d+Mobility Cat Food, Prescription Diet u/d Cat Food

    - For patients with early Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) IRIS Stage 1 (non-proteinuric): Prescription Diet g/d Cat Food, Prescription Diet k/d+Mobility Cat Food

    - For patients with hepatic encephalopathy: Prescription Diet l/d Cat Food, Prescription Diet u/d Cat Food

    - For patients with leishmaniasis with concurrent CKD: Prescription Diet k/d+Mobility Cat Food


    References:

    1. Ross SJ, Osborne CA, Kirk CA et al., Clinical evaluation of dietary modification for treatment of spontaneous chronic kidney disease in cats, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2006; 229 (6): 949-957.

    2. Hall et al, Cats with IRIS stage 1 and 2 chronic kidney disease maintain body weight and lean muscle mass when fed food having increased caloric density, and enhanced concentrations of carnitine and essential amino acids. Veterinary Record, 2018. doi: 10.1136/vr.104865 DMS 10000130867

    3. Fritsch et al, Acceptance and effects of a therapeutic renal food in pet cats with chronic kidney disease. Vet Rec Open 2015;2:e000128. doi:10.1136/vetreco-2015-000128

    4. Plantinga et al, Retrospective study of the survival of cats with acquired chronic renal insufficiency offered different commercial diets. Veterinary Record; 2005; 157, 185-187

    5. Hall JA, Jewell DE, Ephraim E (2022) Feeding cats with chronic kidney disease food supplemented with betaine and prebiotics increases total body mass and reduces uremic toxins. PLoS ONE 17(5): e0268624. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0268624

    6. Kirk, CA, Hickman MA., Dietary protein requirement of cats with spontaneous renal disease (Abstr) J Veterinary Intern Med. 2000: 14 (3) 351


  • DAILY Feeding Guide

    Provide specific feeding instructions for your patient.

    Adjust feeding amounts as necessary to maintain optimal weight.

    Reinforce with clients to feed Prescription Diet dry food, canned food & pouches exclusively.

    This is only a guide. Grams are the most accurate form of measurement. Monitoring your patient's condition will assure the nutritional recommendation provides the best results.

    Gradually transition to this new food for 7 days or more.


    Adult maintenance

    Weight of Cat - kgs Amount per Day - 85 g pouches Amount per Day - grams
    2 1 + 15 g
    3 1 + 25 g
    4 1 + 40 g
    5 1 + 50 g
    6 1 + 60 g
    7+ 1 + 10 g per kg

    Adult maintenance

    Weight of Cat - kgs Amount per Day - 85 g pouches
    2 2
    3 2 1/2
    4 3
    5 3 1/2
    6 4
    7+ 55 g per kg

  • Ingredients

    High quality protein and thoughtfully sourced ingredients.

    with Chicken: Chicken (17%), pork, wheat flour, maize starch, various sugars, salmon, minerals, cellulose, dried egg whites, sunflower oil, fish oil, maize dextrine, vitamins, oat bran, fructo-oligosaccharides, trace elements, taurine and beta-carotene. Coloured with natural caramel.

  • Average Nutrient & Caloric Content

    894 kcal/kg, 76 kcal/pouch

    Nutrient As Fed1
    %
    Dry Matter2
    %
    As Fed, Caloric Basis3
    g/100 kcal
    Moisture 79 %
    Protein 6.2 % 29.3 % 6.9 g / 100 kcal
    Fat 4.4 % 20.9 % 4.9 g / 100 kcal
    Carbohydrate / NFE 8.7 % 41.5 % 9.7 g / 100 kcal
    Crude Fiber 0.5 % 2.4 % 0.6 g / 100 kcal
    Ash 1.2 % 5.9 % 1.4 g / 100 kcal
    Soluble Fiber 0.2 % 1 % 0.2 g / 100 kcal
    Calcium 0.17 % 0.83 % 196 mg / 100 kcal
    Phosphorus 0.09 % 0.43 % 100 mg / 100 kcal
    Potassium 0.19 % 0.9 % 211 mg / 100 kcal
    Sodium 0.05 % 0.25 % 59 mg / 100 kcal
    Magnesium 0.014 % 0.069 % 16 mg / 100 kcal
    Methionine 0.32 % 1.5 % 353 mg / 100 kcal
    Taurine 0.05 % 0.26 % 61 mg / 100 kcal
    Vitamin A 12688 IU/kg 60418 IU/kg 1419 IU / 100 kcal
    Vitamin C 26 ppm 124 ppm 2.92 mg / 100 kcal
    Vitamin D 315 IU/kg 1502 IU/kg 35.3 IU / 100 kcal
    Vitamin E 182 IU/kg 865 IU/kg 20.32 IU / 100 kcal
    Thiamine 5 ppm 26 ppm 0.6 mg / 100 kcal
    Riboflavin (B2) 3.9 ppm 18.5 ppm 0.44 mg / 100 kcal
    Niacin 44 ppm 209 ppm 4.9 mg / 100 kcal
    Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) 5.3 ppm 25.4 ppm 0.6 mg / 100 kcal
    Pantothenic Acid 6.1 ppm 29.1 ppm 0.68 mg / 100 kcal
    Folic Acid 0.74 ppm 3.54 ppm 0.08 mg / 100 kcal
    Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) 0.06 ppm 0.26 ppm 6.2 mcg / 100 kcal
    Biotin 0.13 ppm 0.64 ppm 0.01 mg / 100 kcal
    Alpha-Linolenic Acid (ALA) 0.04 % 0.2 % 46.1 mg / 100 kcal
    DHA 0.052 % 0.249 % 58.5 mg / 100 kcal
    EPA 0.063 % 0.3 % 70.5 mg / 100 kcal
    Total Omega-3 FA 0.2 % 0.93 % 218 mg / 100 kcal
    Total Omega-6 FA 0.94 % 4.46 % 1047 mg / 100 kcal
    Beta-Carotene 1.2 ppm 5.71 ppm 0.13 mg / 100 kcal
    Carnitine 127.8 ppm 608.6 ppm 14.29 mg / 100 kcal
    Glucosamine 0 ppm 0 ppm 0 mg / 100 kcal
    Chondroitin Sulfate 0 ppm 0 ppm 0 mg / 100 kcal

    References:

    1Differs from label guarantees which are either maximums or minimums.
    2The nutrient in the product after moisture is removed. It is used to make direct comparisons of nutrient profiles with differing moisture contents.
    3Nutrient intake for every 100 kilocalories consumed.

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